Security: Moving Beyond Firewall Configuration Management

For over 20 years, the firewall has been the cornerstone of TCP/IP (Internet) security.  In fact, the firewall has crossed-over from the geek to the chic as it has appeared or starred in print, television, and movies.  While the battle between hackers and security vendors rages on, firewalls have become more sophisticated and complicated to operate and manage. Further adding to the complexity is the increasing trend to build firewalls into routers, switches, unified chassis, and more.

Over the past few years, companies like Tufin, AlgoSec, SecurePassage, Skybox Security, and more have created products that analyze firewalls configurations, rules, and policies to alert security personnel to possible issues.  They have the ability to manage multiple firewall vendors as well as analyzing configurations from multiple firewalls deployed within an organization.  These products are essential to managing and maintaining an ever complex and changing security posture that requires automation to augment and compliment human interaction.  However, to completely understand an organizations security posture we must move beyond the firewall.

While firewalls are complex, they represent only a fraction of the total number of network devices within an organization.  Security personal routinely issue changes to routers, switches, IDS/IDP, and more that impact the entire network infrastructure.  Adding to the complexity are new devices and technology, such as WAN acceleration and virtualization, which are becoming mainstream.  These changes are important to maintain security and regulatory compliance within an organization.

However, the broad impact of these changes (access control lists, port security, network access control, VPNs, and more) may never be fully understood until after the changes are made. High availability and disaster recovery only adds to the complexity as they require synchronized changes/configurations across multiple devices and manufacturers.

Of course, using modeling software from companies like OPNET coupled with internal testing/procedures will aid organizations in making these changes.  The issue is how fresh the information obtained is and the time allotted to make the change given the severity/urgency of the security issue.

Imagine building a security software management platform that allows security and network engineers to jointly view, analyze, and document all security changes while coupling them to a sophisticated and easy to use GRC engine.  A proposed firewall change would trigger a review of the firewall policies followed by a warning that an ACL must be changed on 2 downstream routers while suggesting a re-ordering of said ACL to mitigate a potential security risk and alerting that a HA router must be updated. Next, the GRC engine would require documentation to ensure PCI compliance is maintained.  The coup de grace would be wrapping the entire platform within a visual interface that allowed for layered views of all security/network devices.

Is this farfetched?  Perhaps, but the recent uptick in stories about cyber warfare and cloud computing security threats have created an environment that is ripe for change and innovation.